May 28, 1871, the Paris Commune ended
Commune collapsed after a week of intense fighting which left 33,000 dead. French
government troops put down the commune, a revolt of city workers and other
Republicans in the wake of the Prussian siege of Paris. The savage fighting
killed a further 20,000 people.
Some 4,000 Communards were sentenced to death, and as many were
transported to New Caledonia. Some of the Communards were shot against what is
now known as the Communards'
Wall in the Père
dissolved workers' syndicates and, encouraged by the state, employers no longer
tolerated union organising.
In 1884, the Third Republic parliament was forced to pass
legislation recognising workers' organising rights, but included no provisions
encouraging collective bargaining.