Alfred, the scholar-monarch who ruled southern England, was called the 'Education King' for his dedication to literacy and learning.
We know much of his life from a chronicle written by Asser, Bishop of Sherborne, in around 888. Winston Churchill, not usually reputed for his modesty, when being told that he must be the greatest Englishman that ever lived is said to have replied "No! The greatest Englishman that ever lived was King Alfred".
King Alfred's crown was unique – it had two bells attached to it.