April 25 is a big day for all Australians, and I include myself ... very much
ANZAC Day in NZ History of the Dawn Service ANZAC Day: A Guide for New Zealanders Anzac Day Vs Eureka Day Anzac biscuits Anzac biscuits recipeFootnote: In recent years, the Turkish Government has graciously renamed the landing beach 'Anzac Cove' and each year on Anzac Day many thousands of international visitors and Turks commemorate the tragic campaign on the beach at dawn. In response to the renaming of the beach, in 1985 the town of Albany, Western Australia, renamed the entrance to Princess Royal Harbour, 'Ataturk Entrance' and in 2002 erected a statue of Kemal Atatürk. On Anzac Day, 2003, the the Mayor of Gelibolu (Gallipoli), Mr Cihat Bingöl, and Albany (Western Australia) Mayor, Ms Alison Goode, signed a Friendship Agreement:
"The formation of the Friendship Agreement between Albany and Gallipoli is a key component in progressing Albany's vision to become the quintessential place to commemorate the ANZAC tradition in Australia", Ms Goode said. "The historical links between Australia and Turkey, and particularly between Albany and Gallipoli, are as significant today as they were almost 100 years ago. The connection transcends time and distance and is a tribute to human endeavour, sacrifice, triumph over adversity and future optimism."
Record numbers remember Anzac heroes More (mostly uncritical) CEW Bean, John Lack letters and Gallipoli Turks Anzac memories
Indigenous Anzacs, Traitor and Torres Strait evacuation Changi diary
ANZAC in the news
This day of days again we keep –The bloody toll: how Australia's young men paid
In memory of those who sleep
Away beyond the quiet sea ...
Away in far Gallipolli.
'Tis Anzac Day – 'tis Anzac Day..
Our soldier comrades far away,
They died in war – that we in peace
May live and love that war may cease.
They also served
"The simultaneous evacuation of the Anzac and Suvla sectors was certainly a big – and perhaps the only – Allied success, and was generally considered as a masterpiece of military planning. At Helles however, the situation was even more precarious: they had to evacuate three weeks later, under the eyes of an alerted enemy. Therefore, additional measures were needed to give the Turks the impression that the trenches were still fully manned. These dummy troops are waiting for their orders to go up the line." Source
for the adventurism of European politicians and arms traders
Total population of Australia in WWI
|Total population (approx.) of males of service age||< 1 million|
Percentage of Casualties
Liner notes (sub-edited) for "Eric Bogle – LIVE", Autogram ALLP-211, 1977
See also Eric Bogle, and the remarkable story of 'Waltzing Matilda' in the Book of Days
And I lived the free life of the rover.
From the Murray's green basin to the dusty outback,
Well, I waltzed my matilda all over.
Then in 1915, my country said, "Son,
It's time you stop ramblin', there's work to be done."
So they gave me a tin hat, and they gave me a gun,
And they marched me away to the war.
As the ship pulled away from the Quay,
And amidst all the cheers, the flag waving, and tears,
We sailed off for Gallipoli.
How our blood stained the sand and the water;
And of how in that hell that they call Suvla Bay
We were butchered like lambs at the slaughter.
Johnny Turk, he was waitin', he primed himself well;
He showered us with bullets, and he rained us with shell –
And in five minutes flat, he'd blown us all to hell,
Nearly blew us right back to Australia.
When we stopped to bury our slain,
Well, we buried ours, and the Turks buried theirs,
Then we started all over again ... Complete lyrics
Two-up was played extensively by Australia's soldiers during World War I. Games, to which a blind eye was cast, became a regular part of Anzac Day celebrations for returned soldiers.
As time passed, increasingly elaborate illegal "two-up schools" grew around Australia, to the consternation of authorities but with the backing of corrupt police. The legendary Thommo's Two-up School, which operated at various locations in Surry Hills, Sydney from the early years of the 20th century until at least 1979, was one of Australia's first major illegal gambling operations. The popularity of Two-up declined after the 1950s as more sophisticated forms of gambling like Baccarat gained popularity in illegal gaming houses and poker machines (slot machines) were legalised in clubs.
Legal Two-up arrived with its introduction as a 'table' game at the new casino in Hobart in 1973, but is now only offered in Perth's Burswood Entertainment Complex. Two-up has also been legalised on Anzac Day, when it is played in Returned Servicemen's Leagues (RSL) clubs and hotels. Several tourist 'Two-up schools' in the Outback have also been legalised. Under the NSW Gambling (Two-Up) Act of 1998, and playing Two-up in NSW is not unlawful on Anzac Day.
The Diggers Tavern in Bellingen has a two-up game every Anzac Day, and although (to date) I never bet any money, "I like to watch'. I know of no other gambling game in this country, perhaps even the world, in which one has a 50-50 chance of winning, and no one but the players might win some of the money available to winners. I believe that Poker machines in Australia yield pubs and clubs about 84% of the money wagered by each gambler with each game every day. Many of them are destitute people, and poor elderly people (women, in particular). Horse racing has long been popular in Australia, but the financial beneficiaries are usually people in the industry, not the gamblers. And so on. Two-up allows anyone in the room to wager, and no one is making a profit. It is a true game of chance, and one takes one's own chance with a 50-50 risk. I believe that this fact makes it very fair. It is also always attended by people with eagerness, and close observation to the game. It has added some interesting slang to Australia, too. Some of these terms, used by the man in charge of the 'ring' (which is often a square or rectangle, of carpet, surrounded by a rope, on the floor in the main room of the club), seem often now to be palimpsests, from days gone long ago. But they're very Australian, and I find them very interesting.
Some examples are: Come in Spinner!; Get 'em up!; Any more bets?; Any more side bets?; Righto. Here we go.; No more side bets?; Spin 'em up.; One of each!; Heads it is!; Right, hold your money.; That's a good spin!; Hold it! Tails! Above the shoulders!; Outside! (The ring). One at a time.; Where's he been? Etc, etc, etc.
There was a nice man I knew quite well in Bellingen, now deceased, a Christopher, nicknamed Kip.
. I've had quite a few people in this town call me 'Kip'. I can well understand why.